In this course, I learned so much more about online course design. I particularly enjoyed learning how to better enhance teaching presence, social presence, and cognitive presence in online teaching and learning. I learned that these elements can be built into the course design and about specific ways to do this. For example, to increase social presence, many of the following techniques could be used: Icebreaking activities, VoiceThread introductions, profiles, discussions, and more. These activities increase affective expression, interaction and open communication, and group cohesion. Teaching presence can be enhanced through direct instruction, facilitating discourse, and instructional design and organization. Cognitive presence can be enhanced through critical reflection and discourse http://cguevara.commons.gc.cuny.edu/files/2009/09/Learning-Effectiveness-paper-Garrison.pdf
Learning is change. I have changed many things to improve my online teaching such as adding more student choice and student-led discussions. I have also improved rubrics, instructions, and use more peer review and small group discussions based on sound pedagogical principles and best practices for online learning. Additionally, I am including more authentic, student-centered activities and assessments. I have also learned about and included more multimedia in my course to enhance teaching, social, and cognitive presence (McDonough, n.d.) . I have learned to incorporate more innovative uses of technology to enhance online course delivery for students, including having learning environments available outside of the course management system for students’ lifelong learning needs.
It’s been a great semester! Thank you to everyone for the awesome discussions, sharing of knowledge, and learning together.
Garrison, E. R. (2009). Cognitive presence for effective asynchronous online learning: The role of reflective inquiry, self-direction, and metacognition. Retrieved from http://cguevara.commons.gc.cuny.edu/files/2009/09/Learning-Effectiveness-paper-Garrison.pdf
McDonough, W. (n.d.). Study of multimedia to enhance teaching, social, and cognitive presence in online courses. Retrieved from http://contentdm.umuc.edu/cdm/singleitem/collection/p15434coll5/id/988/rec/4